People immigrate to Malmö for different reasons. To study, work, seek protection or to reunite with family members.
Malmö´s reception of newly arrived
The number of persons who has been granted residence permit with refugee or subsidiary protection status and their reunited family members has varied over the years. Stockholm and Gothenburg have a larger reception in numbers of persons than Malmö. However, in relation to the size of the population, Malmö is the municipality with the largest reception in recent years.
In 2020 the total reception in Malmö was 43 persons, almost 1 person per 1000 inhabitants. (2019: 989 and 2018: 1488)
Over the years the dominating groups in Malmö´s reception has been persons who arrange their own accommodation during the asylum process (not staying in accommodation centres provided by the Swedish Migration Agency) and persons arriving as a result of family reunification.
Reception in accordance with the Swedish Reception for Resettlement Act
0 persons where included in Malmö´s reception according to the Reception for Resettlement Act in 2020, of which 11 where resettled refugees. The Reception for Resettlement Act was enacted in March 2016 for the purpose of evenly distributing newly arrived persons with a residence permit among Sweden's municipalities. The reception of these persons also entails a municipal responsibility to arrange for a place of residence. With consideration to Malmö´s large reception of other groups the city has not been assigned any persons for 2020 and will therefore not have any reception according to the act.
Asylum seekers living in own accommodations
There were 1,023 asylum seekers living in own accommodations in Malmö as of 1 January 2020. 24 percent are in the actual asylum-seeking process, 62 percent have been rejected or are in an appeal process and 14 percent are unaccompanied minors or persons who have received a residence permit but awaiting to be registered in a municipality.
The City of Malmö is both responsible for the reception and housing of unaccompanied minors who are seeking asylum and waiting to be assigned to a municipality, and for unaccompanied minors who are assigned to the city of Malmö awaiting decision on their application or who has already been granted a residence permit.
134 unaccompanied minors arrived in Malmö in 2020 and stayed in the city waiting to be assigned to a municipality. 24 children were assigned to Malmö. In January 2021 the City of Malmö was responsible for 189 unaccompanied minors in total, the majority (152) already had a residence permit.
Work and studies
People who themselves or with relatives move to Malmö for work or studies are part of the immigration. Within the EU/EEA no special permits are needed, but for citizens from outside this region special residence permits are required. In 2020 1,288 persons from countries outside EU/EEA with residence permit connected to work or studies came to Malmö. 861 of those persons with a residency linked to work, of which 389 relatives, and 427 persons with study-related residency, of which 181 relatives.