People immigrate to Malmö for different reasons. To study, work, seek protection or to reunite with family members.
Malmö´s reception of newly arrived
The number of persons who has been granted residence permit with refugee or subsidiary protection status and their reunited family members has varied over the years. Stockholm and Gothenburg have a larger reception in numbers of persons than Malmö. However, in relation to the size of the population, Malmö is the municipality with the largest reception in recent years.
In 2021 the total reception in Malmö was 252 persons, almost 1 person per 1,000 inhabitants. (2020: 403 and 2019: 989)
Over the years the dominating groups in Malmö´s reception has been persons who arrange their own accommodation during the asylum process (not staying in accommodation centres provided by the Swedish Migration Agency) and persons arriving as a result of family reunification.
Reception in accordance with the Swedish Reception for Resettlement Act
11 persons where included in Malmö´s reception according to the Reception for Resettlement Act in 2021, of which 11 where resettled refugees. The Reception for Resettlement Act was enacted in March 2016 for the purpose of evenly distributing newly arrived persons with a residence permit among Sweden's municipalities. The reception of these persons also entails a municipal responsibility to arrange for a place of residence. With consideration to Malmö´s large reception of other groups the city has not been assigned any persons for 2020 and will therefore not have any reception according to the act.
There were 965 asylum seekers living in own accomodations in Malmö as of 1 January 2022. The vast majority, 844 people (87 percent), lived in own housing (EBO). 232 were children under 18 years of age. 33 per cent are in the asylum application process, 61 per cent have been rejected or are in an appeal process and 6 per cent are unaccompanied children or persons who have been granted a residence permit but have not yet been discharged from the Swedish Migration Board.
The great wave of refugees that has arisen due to the war in Ukraine also affects Malmö. Of the almost 28,600 Ukrainians who sought asylum or protection under the Mass Refugee Directive in Sweden between 24 February and 5 April 2022, 913 were in Malmö on 5 April. 320 of these people were 18 years or younger.
The City of Malmö is both responsible for the reception and housing of unaccompanied minors who are seeking asylum and waiting to be assigned to a municipality, and for unaccompanied minors who are assigned to the city of Malmö awaiting decision on their application or who has already been granted a residence permit.
139 unaccompanied minors arrived in Malmö in 2021 and stayed in the city waiting to be assigned to a municipality. 17 children were assigned to Malmö. At the end of February 2022, the City of Malmö was responsible for 147 unaccompanied minors in total, the majority (117) already had a residence permit.
The situation in Ukraine means that more unaccompanied children are applying to Malmö. Between 24 February and 6 April 2022, 109 unaccompanied children came to Malmö in transit. Of these, 74 have been assigned to different municipalities or discharged from Malmö's transit operations for other reasons.
Work and studies
People who themselves or with relatives move to Malmö for work or studies are part of the migration from abroad. Within the EU/EEA no special permits are needed, but for citizens from outside this region special residence permits are required. In 2021 1,867 persons from countries outside EU/EEA with residence permit connected to work or studies came to Malmö. 1,249 of those persons with a residency linked to work, of which 572 relatives, and 618 persons with study-related residency, of which 188 relatives.