Population

Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden and it is the fastest-growing of the three major cities in Sweden. The populaiton growth can be explained by a large number of births, a low number of deaths and an increased amount of people moving to the city.

Malmö has a young population, nearly half of which is under the age of 35.

There are people from 179 different countries living in Malmö.

Residents in Malmö as of 31 December 2020
347,949

Population growth

There are 347,949 residents living in Malmö (31 December 2020). It is the fastest growing large city in Sweden. In 2020 the population increased by 3,783 new Malmö residents (1.1 %). The high number of births are responsible for the greater part of the population increase. Malmö accounted for about 36 per cent of the population increase in Skåne from 1990-2020.

4,000
approximate annual increase.

Age structure

Malmö has a young population. Roughly half of Malmö residents are under the age of 35 (48%). 21 per cent are under 18 years old and 19 per cent are between 25 and 34 years old. 4,882 children were born in Malmö in 2020.

48%
are under the age of 35

Migration pattern

People of all ages are moving both to and from Malmö. Migration between larger cities in general and the rest of the country has a clear pattern, where the migration patterns vary in size for different age groups. The largest influx takes place in the age group of 20-25 years. Parents ages 30-45 account for the greatest share of people moving to another municipality. They often settle in municipalities within a commuting distance. Their children often move back to Malmö when they grow older. The domestic migration pattern in Malmö does not differ greatly from the other large cities, Göteborg and Stockholm.

The age group accounting for the greatest influx of people
20-25

Origin of the population

People from 179 different countries live in Malmö (2020). Roughly one-third of Malmö's residents were born in another country. The percentage of residents born abroad has increased in the country as a whole. There are more people born in other countries living in the large cities in comparison with the rest of the country. About one-fourth of the residents in Stockholm and Göteborg were born abroad.

179
nationalities

Population forecast

Each year, the City of Malmö provides a population forecast for the next ten years. It is an important tool for the planning for Malmö's future. The 2020 population forecast shows, among other things, that the number of Malmö residents is expected to increase by about 50,000 new residents by 2030.

Expected population increase in 2020
4,000

The most common countries of origin

People from 179 different countries live in Malmö. The largest group comes from Iraq. In 2020 there were 11,744 Iraqis living in Malmö.

Other common countries of origin of Malmö residents are Syria (8,299), Denmark (7,469) Yugoslavia (7,407), Poland (6,720) and Bosnia-Herzegovina (6,395). Lebanon, Afghanistan and Iran are each represented by approximately 4,000 people.

Country of birth normally refers to the state-law relationship that prevailed at the time of birth, but the information may have changed afterwards for humanitarian reasons.

11,744
persons born in Iraq.