Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden and it is the fastest-growing of the three major cities in Sweden. The populaiton growth can be explained by a large number of births, a low number of deaths and an increased amount of people moving to the city.
Malmö has a young population, nearly half of which is under the age of 35.
There are people from 179 different countries living in Malmö.
There are 347,949 residents living in Malmö (31 December 2020). It is the fastest growing large city in Sweden. In 2020 the population increased by 3,783 new Malmö residents (1.1 %). The high number of births are responsible for the greater part of the population increase. Malmö accounted for about 36 per cent of the population increase in Skåne from 1990-2020.
Malmö has a young population. Roughly half of Malmö residents are under the age of 35 (48%). 21 per cent are under 18 years old and 19 per cent are between 25 and 34 years old. 4,882 children were born in Malmö in 2020.
People of all ages are moving both to and from Malmö. Migration between larger cities in general and the rest of the country has a clear pattern, where the migration patterns vary in size for different age groups. The largest influx takes place in the age group of 20-25 years. Parents ages 30-45 account for the greatest share of people moving to another municipality. They often settle in municipalities within a commuting distance. Their children often move back to Malmö when they grow older. The domestic migration pattern in Malmö does not differ greatly from the other large cities, Göteborg and Stockholm.
Origin of the population
People from 179 different countries live in Malmö (2020). Roughly one-third of Malmö's residents were born in another country. The percentage of residents born abroad has increased in the country as a whole. There are more people born in other countries living in the large cities in comparison with the rest of the country. About one-fourth of the residents in Stockholm and Göteborg were born abroad.
Each year, the City of Malmö provides a population forecast for the next ten years. It is an important tool for the planning for Malmö's future. The 2020 population forecast shows, among other things, that the number of Malmö residents is expected to increase by about 50,000 new residents by 2030.
The most common countries of origin
People from 179 different countries live in Malmö. The largest group comes from Iraq. In 2020 there were 11,744 Iraqis living in Malmö.
Other common countries of origin of Malmö residents are Syria (8,299), Denmark (7,469) Yugoslavia (7,407), Poland (6,720) and Bosnia-Herzegovina (6,395). Lebanon, Afghanistan and Iran are each represented by approximately 4,000 people.