Crime in Malmö is on the decline, according to data from the Swedish Police. Fewer Malmö residents indicate that they have been victims of crime and the number of police reports filed has decreased. At the same time, there is a great deal of fear of becoming the victim of a crime and there is a strong sense of insecurity. The trend is similar in many other parts of the country.
Percentage of crime victims
The percentage of Malmö residents who report that they were not victims of crime in the past 12 months has increased in 2019 (76.7 per cent) in comparison with 2018 (75.4 per cent).
The percentage of people who have been victims of physical crime has decreased in 2019 (1.6 per cent) in comparison with 2018 (2.2 per cent). On the other hand, more people report that they have been victims of theft in 2019 (14 per cent) than in 2018 (12 per cent).
Source: Swedish Police
Perceived insecurity and problems
The sense of insecurity among Malmö residents remains high and has increased since 2016. Concerns about being the victim of some type of crime have, however, decreased in 2019 (74 per cent) in comparison with 2018 (75 per cent), whereas concerns about public disturbances and people fighting, getting into physical altercations and who are generally disorderly have increased.
Source: Swedish Police
Shootings and explosions
The accounting of deadly violence with guns in Sweden began in 2011. Since then, the total number of shootings in the country has increased. In Malmö, the number of shootings in 2019 decreased in comparison with previous years.
- Total number of shootings: 26 (through November 2019), 49 (2018), 65 (2017).
- Deadly shootings: 6 (through November 2019), 12 (2018), 7 (2017).
- Shootings with casualties: 13 (through November 2019), 14 (2018), 35 (2017).
- Shootings without personal injury: 7 (through November 2019), 23 (2018), 23 (2017).
The number of explosions in Malmö remains high, but has decreased during 2019 (28 incidents through November) in comparison with 2018 (45 incidents) and 2017 (58 incidents).
Source: The Swedish Police and the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ).
The percentage of Malmö residents experiencing problems with people fighting and getting into physical altercations has increased in 2019 (18 per cent) in comparison with 2018 (17 per cent). The same applies to the percentage of people experiencing problems with persons under the influence of narcotics in public, where the number has increased from 22 per cent in 2018 to 23 per cent in 2019.
By contrast, fewer Malmö residents find that women are groped in public in 2019 (13 per cent) than in 2018 (14 per cent).
Source: Swedish Police.
Hate crimes refer to crimes committed against ethnic groups and unlawful discrimination. There may also be other crimes where a motive for the crime has been to offend a person, a group of people or another such group of persons for any of the following reasons:
- Skin color
- National or ethnic origin
- Confession of faith
- Sexual orientation
- Gender-related identity, expression or other similar circumstances
In 2018 7,090 reported crimes were identified in Sweden with a hate crime motive, of which 238 were reported in Malmö, compared with 2016 when 222 were reported in Malmö.