Perceived insecurity in Malmö 2007-2017
Insecurity when out alone late at night
Refrained from activity because of insecurity
Over the past five years, the proportion of persons that have not been victims of crime has increased gradually. In both 2016 and 2017, 75% of the respondents stated that they had not been victim of a crime for the past 12 months. However, the perceived insecurity and the concern of being exposed to crime is still high. The proportion of respondents stating that they refrained from an activity due to insecurity increased somewhat 2017 compared to the 2016 measurement.
The police's security survey shows that 39% of the responding Malmö residents feel insecure when being out alone late at night in 2017, an increase of 3 percentage points since 2016. For women, the proportion is higher. The proportion of Malmö residents feeling insecure out alone late at night has increased between 2013 and 2017. According to the police, one of the reasons for the increase over the past two years may be the escalating violence between criminals in Malmö.
There have been no major changes in the results for the past ten years. The percentage of people stating that they feel insecure out alone late at night in 2016 is about the same as in 2007.
The proportion of persons having refrained from an activity due to insecurity has also increased since the year before – from 18% in 2016 to 21% in 2017, making it the highest figure since 2012. Compared to men, women have refrained from activities to a greater extent.
Facts on the police security survey
The police conducted their security survey in Malmö during September – October 2017. The questionnaire was sent to 7065 randomly selected households and achieved a response rate of 61% (4031 responses).
The questions asked were split into five main areas:
- Disturbances of the peace
- Exposure to crime
- General fear of being exposed to crime
- Specific feeling of insecurity
- Police action
*Exposure to crime is not the same as reported crime – the results of this survey are for both reported and non-reported crime, and therefore contain a certain element of uncertainty.
The reason why we don't compare these results to Stockholm, Göteborg and the country total is that the police only conduct the security survey in the south region (Region Syd).
The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ, Brottsförebyggande rådet) do a national security survey, but the respons rate is poor. A response analysis made by BRÅ showed that the survey misses young men and people with immigrant background. The respons rate is below the limit usually used to determine if a material can be used for statistical purposes.