Publicerad 22 mars 2019

22 mars 2019

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The perceived problem profile in Malmö 2007-2017

Total perceived problem level. 2007-2017. Total plus breakdown between men and women. Source: Police security survey.

  • A large element of the respondents (80%), perceive at least one disturbance of the order as a problem
  • The three biggest disturbances of the order, in falling scale, are:
    Traffic-related problems, primarily speeding
    Littering
    Vandalism
  • The perceived problem level remains relatively unchanged over the last ten years and lies between levels 2 and 3, i.e. between "not a particularly tangible problem" and "quite a tangible problem"
  • Women perceive the problem as somewhat greater than men do

A number of surveys have been conducted to measure security and safety, e.g. statistics on reported crime and a national security survey by the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brottsförebyggande rådet, BRÅ). At a local level, the police have run a security survey, and at the regional level, Skåne County (Region Skåne) ran a public health survey for adults, children and adolescents that also measured perceived security. This section presents the results over time from the police survey and from the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention. It gives a wide picture of perceived and actual feelings of security/insecurity.

The police survey was last conducted in Malmö in September-October 2017. The questionnaire was sent to 7065 randomly selected households and achieved a response rate of 61% (4031 responses).

The overall problem level is relatively similar to the one presented in the security survey from 2016, but this years survey shows a slightly rising trend. The overall problem picture shows the total result of all areas measured, ranging from littering, vandalism and traffic to problems with alcohol- and drug affected people outdoors, youth gangs disturbing, people arguing and fighting, women being molested and the experience of insecurity, concern and exposure to crime.

A large element of the respondents (80%) perceive at least one disturbance of order as a problem. The three biggest disturbances of order, in falling scale, are:

  • Traffic-related problems, primarily speeding
  • Litter
  • Vandalism

Categories of order disturbance

  1. Problem with litter
  2. Problem with vandalism
  3. Problem with drunks outdoors
  4. Problem with drug-takers outdoors
  5. Problem with homes where alcoholics are present
  6. Problem with homes where drug abusers are present
  7. Problem with people making a noise and fighting outdoors
  8. Problem with women being assaulted
  9. Problem with youths making a noise and disturbing the peace
  10. Problem with traffic
  11. Problem with cars speeding
  12. Problem with reckless driving by scooters and motorbikes
  13. Problem with traffic rules not being respected

Problem levels are measured using the following:

Level 0 - Almost not an existing problem
Level 1 - Not a tangible problem at all
Level 2 - Not a particularly tangible problem
Level 3 - Quite a tangible problem
Level 4 - A tangible problem
Level 5 - A very tangible problem
Level 6 - An alarmingly tangible problem

About the police security survey

The questions asked were split into five main areas:

• Public disturbances
• Exposure to crime
• General disturbances or exposure to crime
• Specific feelings of insecurity
• Police action